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Courts in Indore

Law and order of a city are the key issues in its administration. Since the pre independence days, India’s judicial system has undergone tremendous changes under the various rulers who reigned over the country. Almost every part of the country had its own legislative and judicial laws. In Madhya Pradesh or Malwa region of that time, Muslim laws framed by its ancient Arab rulers were quite prevalent before the advent of Marathas and later British in this part.

Courts in Indore
Courts in Indore

Post independence period witnessed the shift of judicial system of this region from Nagpur to cities like Jabalpur with Madhya Pradesh High Court, and Indore and Gwalior having permanent bench of this High Court. After constitution of Madhya Bharat the entire judiciary was reframed as per the judicial system adopted in British Provinces where civil cases and criminal cases were handled by different courts.

In 1956, when Madhya Pradesh was constituted, seat of High Court was shifted to Jabalpur, but Indore being the most significant part of this region, was retained with a judicial bench with other district courts, civil courts and sessions courts.

High Court Bench in Indore

High Court Bench of IndoreBy the Presidential notification of 1968, a permanent bench of Madhya Pradesh High Court was established at Indore along with Gwalior.

It is the second largest judicial bench in state with 13 revenue districts under it. In fact, the entire Malwa and Nimar region came under the jurisdiction of High Court bench at Indore. It includes districts like:

  • Alirajpur
  • Barwani
  • Dewas
  • Dhar
  • Indore
  • Jhabua
  • Mandsaur
  • Neemuch
  • Ratlam
  • Rajgarh
  • Shajahpur
  • Ujjain
  • Khargaon

The bench that started its functioning in its present building in the year 1959 with 4 judges is now a much larger institution with 8 judges and a large number of judicial cases managed under them.

Court of District and Sessions Judge in Indore

District Courts in IndoreIndore city is also the permanent seat for District and Sessions judges. As such, it has the authority to solve all session cases under territorial jurisdiction of sessions division. It also has powers to hear all appeals and revisions under criminal procedure codes and it enjoys jurisdiction in all civil cases exceeding Rs. 10000 in value.

Any appeal against the judgment of civil judges under this court is also entertained by this district court itself and it also has authority in handling cases coming under special acts.

Additional District and Sessions Court in Indore

This is a court that has simultaneous power of jurisdiction with District and Sessions judges Court. All the cases transferred by District and Sessions Judges Court of Indore to this court for trial and disposition are handled as per their transfer in this court. There are six judges under this court presently with its headquarters at Indore.

Court of Civil Judge Class I

All the cases up to Rs. 10000 in value resulting from territorial jurisdiction of District and Sessions Judges Court of Indore are entertained in this court of Civil Judge Class I. It has seven judges out of which six works at Indore and one at Mhow.

Court of Civil Judge Class II

All the judicial cases up to the value of Rs.5000 arising from territorial authority of District and Sessions Judges Court of Indore are handled by this class of court in the district. This court has nine judges with six at Indore and one each at Mhow, Sawer, and Hatod.

Court of Small Cases in Indore

Currently, there is no separate court to handle small cases but a judge of civil court is entrusted with duty to hear all cases up to the value of Rs. 500 under Small Causes Court Act of state. There is only one judge in Class II Civil court in Indore to handle such cases.

Criminal Court in Indore

The criminal cases are entrusted upon the District Magistrates and also the deputy Collectors and Judicial Magistrates of the district along with District and Sessions Judge as well as Additional District and Sessions Judge. There are 4 class I magistrates and 3 Sub Divisional Magistrates with powers under Preventive Sections of Criminal Procedure Code.

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